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В 10-13 веках тут было буддийское государство Дали
Theravada Buddhism, Pagan Dynasty and the Shan People
In 1044 A.D., Anawratha became the king of the Pagan Dynasty. At that time Ari-Buddhism flourished in Pagan. Ari-Buddhism was a mixture of Mahayana Buddhism, Brahmanism and native religion. Some scholars said it was a branch of Tantrism, related very closely to Asarya-Buddhism of Nan Chao and Dali kingdoms in Yunnan.
In order to defeat and replace the power-threatening Ari-Buddhism, king Anawratha first appointed Arahan, the famous Mon monk of Thaton kingdom, as State Monk, to preach " real Buddhism" . He then attacked and destroyed the Mon kingdom of Thaton in 1057 A.D., accusing the kingdom of Thaton of refusing to lend Tipitaka in Pali canon. He brought the war booty, Tipitaka, and the war prisoner, the Mon king Manuha, back to Pagan.
In 1057-59 A.D., Anawratha brought an army to the kingdom of Yunnan's Nan Chao-Dali, for a relic of Buddha's tooth. On his way back to Pagan, Shan chiefs met and swore their allegiance to him. He was married to Saw Monhla, the princess of the Shan chief of Mogaung, for the sake of good relations with all Shan people. Wherever he was, he preached Theravada Buddhism by force.
In 1071 A.D. king Anawratha of the Pagan Dynasty introduced, directly from Sri Lanka, the complete Tipitaka, and tried his best to move the centre of Theravada Buddhism from Mon Thaton in South Burma, to Pagan in Middle Burma. At that time, not only the Buddhists of the Shan (Burma) ,Thai (Thailand)and Dai (Yunnan and Laos) regions, but also Buddhists from India (Buddhism there had been totally oppressed) came to Pagan to study Theravada Buddhism.
King Anawratha's contribution to Buddhism; he introduced early-Theravada Buddhism to the whole of Burma, and let it flourish nationally and internationally.
In 1192 A.D. King Narapatisithu of the Pagan Dynasty introduced, again from Sri Lanka, the post-Theravada beliefs of Sri Lanka (Singhalasanghanikaya), which later caused a lot of religious disputes between the new and the old.
Theravada Buddhism spreads to Yunnan
As everyone knows, Yunnan's Dai region, Thailand's Chiangmai, Shan's Kengtong and Laos are all neighbours. Their culture is similar and their languages are closely related. In 1367-1444 the Theravada Buddhism of Chiangmai migrated via Kengtong to south Yunnan.
In 1551, the Burmese king Bayinnaung came to the throne of the Taungoo Dynasty. He suppressed the rebellions of South Burma in 1552, wiped out the Ava Dynasty in 1555, went on punitive expeditions, and several times occupied Thailand between 1559-1581 (Chiangmai Dynasty and Ayodhya Dynasty).From 1604-1606, he conquered some Shan states, including Mongyang, Monggong and Mongmit. From Mongyang he subdued Mongmao. All Shan regions were soon under his control.
By force he preached Theravada Buddhism, published laws and regulations, and built Buddhist pagodas in his ruling area and sphere of influence. http://www.peacehall.com/news/gb/english/2005/03/200503280400.shtml