Theravāda Buddhism Web Directory

The aims, methods and rationales of the present Māgadhabhāsā (Pāḷi) grammar are as follows: (a) Lubricating access to the information contained in numerous modern Pāḷi grammars written in English by collating the dispersed material contained within them. People who wish to learn about grammatical rules and principles – either on a broader spectrum or at all – are compelled to track them down in the thicket of the widely scattered grammar inventories as separately given by the various available grammars. These works, mostly fine and outstanding works of scholarship in their own right, each individually often contain valuable data and perspectives not found in the other ones, and these are attempted to be distilled and presented with this Pāḷi grammar. (b) Facilitating identification of and providing explicit reference to most of the grammatical rules contained in the Kaccāyanabyākaraṇaṃ (Kaccāyana), the oldest extant Pāḷi grammar, as well as to selected ones from other traditional grammars.

Parts of Speech tagging is the process of labelling the words in the text with their appropriate labels. The labels assigned are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun... etc. For performing natural language processing, Parts of Speech tagging is an essential requirement. It is very simple statistical model for many Natural Language Processing applications. In this paper, we propose a parts of speech tagger for Pali language. Pali though considered as extinct, has very rich literature comprising works on Logic, History, Medicine, Pharmacology etc. It is an Indo-Aryan language. The general approach used for development of Pali tagger is a Rule based approach. It also presents the tagset used for Pali language. The paper shows the performance of proposed Rule based tagger for a dataset up to 300 sentences / 1000 words. The learning algorithms Support Vector Machine and Decision Tree have been used for measuring the performance on Pali tagged corpus.

An Introductory Reader and Grammar By Rune E. A. Johansson.

Pali is one of the Middle Indian idioms and the classical language of Theravada Buddhism. It is therefore important both to linguists and students of Buddhism. This introductory book centres on a collection of original texts, each selected as an especially important and beautiful formulation of a Buddhist idea. By means of a vocabulary, translation and commentary, each text is explained so concretely that it can be read with little preparation. Detailed explanations are provided for the many technical terms, which have frustrated so many western explorers of Buddhism. For reference, a grammar is provided. Sanskrit parallels to many of the words are given, as well as a special chapter comparing the two languages.

PaliNLP is a system that provides morphological tools for Pali.

The presented system is a first step in the direction of the morphological analysis of Pali. The system is already functional, proving the concept to be viable and promising. There is still some fine-tuning than can and should be done to improve this system, especially in the area of irregular declensions. Nonetheless, the system at the current stage of development should be able to process the majority of Pali words.

See also:

Pali Lemmatizing Server


Introduction to the more important language families including Indo-European, Uralic, Altaic, Afro-Asiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Malayo-Polynesian, Niger-Congo, Dravidian and others.


Pali (Pāli, Pāḷi) online input method using Dart programming language.

See also:

Comprehensive e-library of Pāḷi textbooks.

An in-depth appraisal of the usage and meaning of the nominal case forms in Pāḷi, with many examples and historical information.


A grammatical textbook for the Pali language with Burmese and Sinhalese script (alongside the Romanization), this edition offers a combination of the new (2015) and the old (1868), with some eccentric digressions into the Ashokan inscriptions, theories of the history and origins of the language, and anecdotes from an era when European archaeology and scholarship were (re-)discovering Theravada Buddhist philosophy.

Mason's approach to the language is based in the ancient grammar of Kaccāyana, and reflects the first (pioneering) attempts of Europeans to explain the language to a western audience (often making comparisons to Latin, Greek and Sanskrit).

This can be used in conjunction with the three other (free!) PDF textbooks for the Pali language available for download (at