Сутты о десяти оковах (самйоджана) - Сутты - Постижение
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Ассаджи

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Скажите пожалуйста сутты о 10 узах,
привязывающих к сансаре

Их список приведен здесь:
http://dhamma.ru/index-subject.html#samyojana

Есть одноименная Самйоджана сутта:
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/an/an10/an10.013.than.html

Еще пара сутт:

5. Orambhāgiyasuttaṃ - Bonds binding to the sensual world

007.05. “Bhikkhus, these five are the bonds binding to the sensual world. What five?

The view about self, doubts, fixed to virtues and being pulled away from the right path, sensual interest and anger. Bhikkhus, these five are the bonds binding to the sensual world.

Bhikkhus, to dispel these five bonds binding to the sensual world, the four establishments of mindfulness should be developed. What four?

Here, the bhikkhu abides mindful and aware reflecting the body in the body to dispel covetousness and displeasure in the world The bhikkhu abides mindful and aware reflecting feelings in feelings, ... re ... the mental states in the mind ... re ... and thoughts in the Teaching, to dispel covetousness and displeasure in the world. Bhikkhus, to dispel these five bonds binding to the sensual world, these four establishments of mindfulness should be developed."


8. Uddhambhāgiyasuttaṃ - Bonds of the higher order

007.08. “Bhikkhus, these five are the bonds of the higher order. What five?

Greed for matter, greed for immaterial states, conceit, over balancing attainments and ignorance.

Bhikkhus, these five are the bonds of the higher order.

Bhikkhus, to dispel these five bonds of the higher order, the four establishments of mindfulness should be developed. What four?

Here, the bhikkhu abides mindful and aware reflecting the body in the body to dispel covetousness and displeasure in the world The bhikkhu abides mindful and aware reflecting feelings in feelings, ... re ... the mental states in the mind ... re ... and thoughts in the Teaching, to dispel covetousness and displeasure in the world. Bhikkhus, to dispel these five bonds of the higher order, these four establishments of mindfulness should be developed."

http://awake.kiev.ua/dhamma/tipitaka/2Sutta-Pitaka/4Anguttara-Nikaya/Anguttara6/09-navakanipata/007-satipatthanavaggo-e.html
« Последнее редактирование: 19 Март 2010 20:52 от Ассаджи »
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Ассаджи

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Re: Сутты о десяти оковах (самйоджана)
« Ответ #1 : 19 Март 2010 20:51 »

И, конечно, есть сутты, в которых описана последовательность устранения этих оков, - например, та же Патхамасиккха сутта (Ангуттара Никая 3.87).

http://dhamma.ru/forum/index.php?topic=591.0

Для полноты контекста я приведу её вместе с соседними суттами:

4. Vajjiputtasuttāṃ

85. I heard thus. At one time the Blessed One was living in the gabled hall in the Great Forest in Vesali. Then a certain bhikkhu of the Vajjiputtaka's approached the Blessed One, worshipped, sat on a side and said: Venerable sir, the two hundred and fifty rules are beyond capacity, and the coming for the recital every fortinight. Venerable sir, it is not possible for me to train in them.

Bhikkhu, is it possible for you to train in three precepts: Observing the precept for higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree, and training for higher wisdom?

Venerable sir, it possible for me to train in three precepts: Observing the precept for higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree and training for higher wisdom.

Then bhikkhu you train in these three precepts: Observing the precept higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree and training for higher wisdom. Bhikkhu, when you train in these three observing the precept for higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree and training for higher wisdom, your greed will fade, hate will fade and delusion will fade. With the fading of greed, hate and delusion, you will not do demerit and will not practise any evil.

In the meantime that bhikkhu trained in these three observing the precept for higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree and training for higher wisdom, then his greed faded, hate faded and delusion faded. With the fading of greed, hate and delusion, he did no demerit and practised no evil.

5. Sekhasuttaṃ - The Trainer.

86. Then a certain bhikkhu approached the Blessed One, worshipped, sat on a side and said: Venerable sir, it is said a trainer. How is one a trainer?

Bhikkhu, one trains, therefore he is called a trainer.

In what does he train? He trains in higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree and training for higher wisdom.

The trainer who trains himself, going on the direct path
Sees destruction first and knowledge comes without a break
To those released knowing,[1] that becomes the knowledge
When the bond being [2] is destroyed, he knows my release is unshakeable.

Notes

1. To those released knowing `aññā vimuttassa' This is one of the releases that the Blessed One tells about. It is the complete control of the six mental faculties. That is no feelings arise on account of any contacts at one or the other of the doors of mental contact. This is said to be the bliss of extinction here and now.

2. When the bond being is destroyed `bhavasaññojanakkhaye' Bhava is thinking and for unshakeable release thinking has to stop.

 

6. Paṭhamasikkhāsuttaṃ - The first on precepts

87. Bhikkhus, the two hundred and fifty rules are beyond capacity, and the coming for the recital every fortinight, the sons of clansmen seeking their own good, observe them.

In these three precepts all those get included. What three?

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete to a lesser degree in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. He destroys the three bonds and enters the stream of the Teaching, becoming one who does not fall from that, directly aims extinction.

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete to a lesser degree in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. He destroys the three bonds and reducing his greed, hate and delusion becomes one who returns to this world once more to make an end of unpleasantness.

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. Destroying the five bonds of the sensual world he takes sponteneous birth and would extinguish in that same birth, without a fall from there.

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. He will destroy desires, release the mind, and released through wisdom here and now realize and abide.

Thus bhikkhus, one becomes successful little by little, and complete little by little I declare the precepts in that manner, without making a mistake.

7. Dutiyasikkhāsuttaṃ - The Second on precepts

88 Bhikkhus, the two hundred and fifty rules are beyond capacity, and the coming for the recital every fortinight, the sons of clansmen seeking their own good, observe them.

In these three precepts all those get included. What three?

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete to a lesser degree in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. He destroys the three bonds and limits his births to seven times the most, being born among gods or men makes an end of unpleasantness. Destroying three bonds, he goes from clan to clan, being born in two or three clans makes an end of unpleasantness. He destroys the three bonds and being born one more time as a human makes an end of unpleasantness. He destroys three bonds and reducing his greed, hate and delusion, returns once more to this world to make an end of unpleasantness.

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. He destroys five bonds binding him to the sensual world and becomes one going up stream, going up to the highest world of Brahma. He destroys the five bonds binding him to the sensual world and extinguishes with determinations. He destroys the five bonds binding him to the sensual world and extinguishes without determinations. He destroys the five bonds binding him to the sensual world and extinguishes destroying himself. He destroys the five bonds binding him to the sensual world and becomes one on the way to extinction.

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. He destroys desires, releases the mind, and released through wisdom here and now realizes and abides.

Thus bhikkhus, one becomes successful little by little, and complete little by little I declare the precepts in that manner, without making a mistake.

8. Tatiyasikkhasuttaṃ - The Third on precepts.

89. Bhikkhus, the two hundred and fifty rules are beyond capacity, and the coming for the recital every fortinight, the sons of clansmen seeking their own good, observe them.

In these three precepts all those get included. What three?

Precept for higher virtues,[1] precept for higher development of the mind and precept for higher wisdom. In these three precepts all those get included.

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes complete, observing the virtues and complete in concentration and wisdom. He transgresses certain minor precepts and eventually emerges from them. What is the reason? Bhikkhus, saying it correctly it would happen. Of the main precepts dealing with the holy life and conducive to the holy life he is fixed and firm. He destroys desires, releases the mind, and released through wisdom here and now realizes and abides.

Even if he be unable to penetrate and realize it, destroying the five bonds binding him to the sensual world, he destroys himself and extinguishes ... re ... extinguishes without determinatuions, ... re ... extinguishes with determinations, ... re ... becomes one who goes up stream as far as the highest Brahma world.

Even if he be unable to penetrate and realize it, destroying the three bonds and reducing greed, hate and delusion, comes once more to this world to make an end of unpleasantness.

Even if he be unable to penetrate and realize it, destroying the three bonds becomes a human once more and makes an end of unpleasantness.

Even if he be unable to penetrate and realize it, destroying three bonds, he goes from clan to clan, being born in two or three clans makes an end of unpleasantness.

Even if he be unable to penetrate and realize it, destroying three bonds He limits his births to seven times the most, being born among gods or men makes an end of unpleasantness.

Thus bhikkhus, one becomes successful little by little, and complete little by little I declare the precepts in that manner, without making a mistake.

9. Paṭhamasikkhattayasuttaṃ - The first explanation of the precepts.

90. Bhikkhus, these three are the precepts. What three? Observing the precept for higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree and higher wisdom.

Bhikkhus, what is the precept for higher virtues?

Here bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes virtuous observing the precept for higher virtues [1] To this is called observing the precept for higher virtues.

Bhikkhus, what is training the mind for a higher degree?

Here, bhikikhus the bhikkhu secluding the mind from sensual and evil thoughts, with thoughts and thought processes and with joy and pleasantness born of seclusion attains to the first jhana. Allaying thoughts and thought processes and the mind internally appeased and brought to one point, without thoughts and thought processes and with joy and pleasantness born of concentration attains to the second jhana. With detachment to joy abides in equanimity. Mindful and aware experiences pleasantness too with the body. This is the third jhana, to this the noble ones say mindfully abiding in pleasantness with equanimity. Giving up pleasantness and unpleasantness and earlier gone beyond pleasure and displeasure and experiencing neither the pleasant nor the unpleasant by purifying mindfulness with equanimity attains to the forth jhana. To this is called training the mind to a higher degree.

Bhikkhus, what is training for higher wisdom?.

Here bhikkhus, the bhikkhu knows as it really is, this is unpleasant. Knows as it really is, this is the arising of unpleasantness. Knows as it really is, this is the cessation of unpleasantness and knows as it really is, this is the path to the cessation of unpleasantness. Bhikkhus, to this is called training for higher wisdom. Bhikkhus, these three are the precepts.

Notes. 1 The precept for higher virtues. `adhisīlasikkhāsamādānaṃ' It is the control of the six mental facuolties. When controlled in the six mental faculties, all other precepts get included in it.

10. Dutiyasikkhattayasuttaṃ - The second explanation of the precepts.

91 Bhikkhus, these three are the precepts. What three? Observing the precept for higher virtues, training the mind to a higher degree and training for higher wisdom.

Bhikkhus, what is the precept for higher virtues?

Here bhikkhus, the bhikkhu becomes virtuous observing the precept for higher virtues To this is called observing the precept for higher virtues.

Bhikkhus, what is training the mind for a higher degree?

Here, bhikikhus the bhikkhu secluding the mind from sensual and evil thoughts, with thoughts and thought processes and with joy and pleasantness born of seclusion attains to the first jhana. Allaying thoughts and thought processes and the mind internally appeased and brought to one point, without thoughts and thought processes and with joy and pleasantness born of concentration attains to the second jhana. With detachment to joy abides in equanimity. Mindful and aware experiences pleasantness too with the body. This is the third jhana, to this the noble ones say mindfully abiding in pleasantness with equanimity. Giving up pleasantness and unpleasantness and earlier gone beyond pleasure and displeasure and experiencing neither the pleasant nor the unpleasant by purifying mindfulness with equanimity attains to the forth jhana. To this is called training the mind to a higher degree.

Bhikkhus, what is training for higher wisdom?.

Here bhikkhus, the bhikkhu destroying desires, and releasing the mind from desires and released through wisdom, abides here and now having realized.

Bhikkhus, to this is called training for higher wisdom. These are the three precepts.

Energetic, to practise the higher virtues, to raise the mind to a higher level,
And for higher wisdom, he becomes steadfast with controlled mental faculties
To attain immeasurable concentration in the face, behind the back,
Beneath and above, as far as the directions, day and night.

This is the trainer's method, and the best method
This same was followed by the Enlightened Ones in the world.
With the cessation of consciousness, there is destruction of craving and release
With the light of emancipation is the release of mind.

Note.

1. The precept for higher virtues. `adhisīlasikkhāsamādānaṃ' It is the control of the six mental faculties which when controlled all other precepts get included in it.

http://awake.kiev.ua/dhamma/tipitaka/2Sutta-Pitaka/4Anguttara-Nikaya/Anguttara1/3-tikanipata/009-samanavaggo-e.html
« Последнее редактирование: 19 Март 2010 20:53 от Ассаджи »
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