Перевод "pariyāya"

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Перевод "pariyāya"
« : 07:53 24 Июня 2015 »

Бхиккху Бодхи пишет:

 The word pariyāya literally means “revolving, turning around.” It takes on several meanings. PED gives the relevant meaning here under 4: “discussion, instruction, method (of teaching), discourse on, representation of.” There are several other discourses that have pariyāya included in their title, among them the famous Ādittapariyāya, “The Exposition on Blazing,” commonly known as the Fire Sermon.

The texts use the expression dhammapariyāya as roughly equivalent to a sutta. Thus when assigning a title to the Brahmajāla Sutta, the Buddha tells Ānanda, “You may remember this dhammapariyāya as  XYZ [and then mentions several alternative titles].” Dhammapariyāya can also refer to a specific instruction within a larger sutta. Thus in the Mahāparinibbāna Sutta, when the Buddha uses dhammapariyāya to describe the “mirror of Dhamma” by which disciples can determine whether or not they are stream-enterers: “dhammādāsaṃ nāma dhammapariyāyaṃ desessāmi, yena samannāgato ariyasāvako ākaṅkhamāno attanāva attānaṃ byākareyya – ‘khīṇanirayomhi khīṇatiracchānayoni khīṇapettivisayo khīṇāpāya­duggativinipāto, sotāpannohamasmi avinipātadhammo niyato sambodhiparāyaṇo’ti.”

So in relation to sabbadhammamūlapariyāyaṃ, the last word can mean "the exposition (discourse) on the root of all dhammas," or "instruction on the root of all dhammas."

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