Pali Suffixes

(from the Pali Dictionary by Kogen Mizuno)

-a
(-)

1. m. n. sg. voc. buddha, phala, rāja, brahma
2. n. sg. acc. kamma, nāma
3. aor. 1sg. 2sg. 3sg. addasa, alattha, avoca
4. imper. 2sg. labha, sua

-a
(-iṃ,-uṃ,
-ṃ)

1. m. n. f. sg. acc. buddha, phala, gātha, rāja
2. n. sg. nom. phalaṃ, kammaṃ
3. aor. 1sg. ajjhagaṃ, alatthaṃ, avocaṃ

-ato

→ to

-attha
(-ttha)

1. aor. 2pl. akattha, adattha
2. aor. 3sg. med. adattha, sūyattha

-anā,-ani

→ -nā, ni

-anīya (-nīya)

grd. stem. karaīya, gamanīya

-amha,
-amhase

aor. 1pl. akamha, akaramha, agamha, agamamha, alatthamha, akarămhase, ahumhase

-amhā,-amhi

→ -mhā, -mhi

-aya-
(= -e-)

1. caus. stem. kāraya-, gămaya-, bhāvaya-
2. denom. stem. kāmaya-, ghātaya-

-ăra,
-ăra,
-arāna,
-aresu,
-arehi

→ -ra,
-rā,
-āna,
-su,
-hi 1.

-aro

-ar m. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. pitaro, mātaro

-asā,-aso

→ -sā, -so

-asmā,
-asmi

→ -smā,
-smi

-assa,
-assa,
-assā

→ -ssa,
-ssa,
-ssā

1. m. n. sg. abl. buddhā, rūpā
2. m. pl. nom. voc. buddhā, rājā
3. f. sg. nom. kaññā, gāthā, sā
4. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. kaññā, gāthā, tā
5. m. f. sg. nom. rājā, bhagavā, āyasmā, arahā, satthā, pitā, mātā
6. aor. 2sg. 3sg. akā, akarā, agā, agamā

-āna

1. m. n. f. pl. dat. gen. buddhāna, ariya-saccāna
2. ppr. stem. karāna, kubbāna, esāna

na
(-īnaṃ,
-ūnaṃ)

1. m. n. f. pl. dat. gen. buddhāna, phalāna, gāthāna
2. m. sg. acc. rājāna, attāna, brahmāna

ni
(-īni,-ūni)

n. pl. nom. voc. acc. phalāni, rūpāni, akkhīni, āyūni, tīni

paya-
(-āpe-)

caus. stem. kārāpaya-, kārāpe-, gamāpe-, mārāpe-

-āya

f. sg. instr. abl. dat. gen. loc.kaññāya, gāthāya

-āya-(-e-)

denom. stem. piyāya-, saddāya-, sukhāya-

-āya

f. sg. loc. kaññāya, gāthāya

-āyo

f. pl. nom. voc. acc. kaññāyo, gāthāyo

vin

katāvin, sutāvin

-āsa

→ assa

-āsu,-āhi

f. pl. loc. instr. abl. → -su, -hi

-i

1. (-) m. n. f. sg. nom. voc. aggi, akkhi, jāti
2. (-ti, -ni, -ri, -si, -yi) m. n. sg. loc. guavati, bhagavati, kammani, hatthini, manasi, pitari, mayi
3. aor. 1sg. 2sg. 3sg. labhi, āsi, aggahi

-i

1. → -
2. aor. 1sg. labhi, alabhi, āsi, gahi, aggahi

-isu

aor. 3pl. karisu, āsisu, gahimsu

-ito

→ -to

-ittha

1. aor. 2pl. āsittha, gahittha, pasārayittha
2. aor. 3sg. med. pucchittha, alabhittha, pasārayittha

-ittho

aor. 2sg. med. pucchittho, amaññittho

-in

suf. hatthin, vādin

-ima,-imhă

aor. 1pl. labhima, labhimhā, āsimha, upasakamimha, sakkimha

-imhā,-imhi

→ -mhā, -mhi

-ĭya-
(-iyya-)

1. pass. stem. karĭya-, kariyya-, pucchĭya, posiya, māriya
2. denom. stem. aṭṭĭya, samādhĭya

-iya,-iyā

→ -ya, - yā

-isa

aor. 1sg. icchisa, agacchisa, dakkhisa

-isu

aor. 3pl. acărisuṃ, abhuñjisuṃ, pucchisuṃ

-ismā,
-ismi

→ -smā,
-smi

-issa-

fut. stem. karissa-, gamissa-, labhissa-

-issa

1. aor. 1sg. agamissa, apucchissa, sakkhissa
2. fut. 1sg. karissa, bhavissa
3. cond. 1 sg. abhavissa

1. f. sg. nom. nadī, devī
2. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. nadī, devī
3. -in m. sg. nom. hatthī, pakkhī, vādī
4. aor. 2sg. agamī, gilī

-īna

→ -āna

-īya-
(-iya-,-iyya-)

1. pass. stem. gahīya-, cīya-, pīya-
2. denom. stem. puttīya-, balīya-, hirĭya-

-īsu,-īhi

→ -su, -hi

-u

1. m. n. f. sg. nom. voc. bhikkhu, cakkhu, dhenu
2. -ar m. f. sg. dat. gen. satthu, pitu, mātu
3. aor. 2sg. 3sg. ahu, assu

-u

1. m. n. f. sg. acc. bhikkhu, cakkhu, dhenu
2. n. sg. nom. cakkhuṃ, assuṃ, āyuṃ
3. aor. 3pl. akaruṃ, aguṃ, gacchuṃ, avocuṃ, avacuṃ

-unā,
-uno,
-umhā,
-umhi

→ -nā,
-no,
-mhā,
-mhi

-uya,
-uyā,
-uyo

→ -ya,
-yā,
-yo

-usa,
-usā,
-usmā,
-usmi,
-ussa

→ -sa,
-sā,
-smā,
-smi,
-ssa

1. m. n. f. sg. nom. abhibhū, pāragū
2. m. f. pl. nom. voc. acc. bhikkhū, pāragū, dhenū
3. aor. 2sg. 3sg. ahū
4. aor. 3pl. ahū, agū

-ūna,-ūni

→ -āna, -āni

-ūbhi,-ūhi

→ -bhi, -hi 1.

-e

1. m. n. sg. loc. buddhe, phale, raññe
2. m. pl. acc. buddhe, dhamme
3. f. sg. voc. kaññe, gāthe
4. pron. m. pl. nom. acc. te, sabbe
5. pr. 1sg. med. kubbe, labhe
6. imper. 1sg. med. kubbe, labhe
7. opt. 1sg. 3sg. kubbe, kare, labhe

-e-(-aya-)

1. caus. stem. kāre-, gāhe, gahe-
2. denom. stem. kāme-, gae-, ghāte-

-etha

opt. 3sg. med. kubbetha, rakkhetha

-etho

opt. 2sg. med. kubbetho cf. āgaccheyyātho

-ena

m. n. sg. instr. buddhena, phalena, kena

-ema,-emu

opt. 1pl. dakkhema, jānemu, suemu

-eyya

1. grd. stem. labheyya, laddheyya, bhaveyya
2. opt. 3sg. kareyya, kubbeyya, deyya, dadeyya

-eyya

opt. 1sg. kareyya, dadeyya

-eyyāma

opt. 1pl. kareyyāma

-eyyāsi

opt. 2sg. kareyyāsi, āhareyyāsi

-era

opt. 3pl. med. kubbera, gacchera

-esa
(-āsaf.)

pron. m. n. pl. dat. gen. tesa, sabbesa

-esāna
(-āsānaṃ f.)

pron. m. n. pl. dat. gen. tesāna, sabbesāna

-esu (m. n.),
-ehi (m. n.)

→ -su,
-hi 1.

-o

1. m. sg. nom. buddho, dhammo, so, sabbo
2. m. n. f. sg. nom. voc. acc. mano, vaco, pitaro, mātaro

-(-a,
-i,-u)

1. m. n. f. sg. acc. buddha, akkhi, nadi, bhikkhu
2. n. sg. nom. phala, kamma, akkhi, assu
3. -at m. sg. nom. araha, bhava, gaccha, passa
4. aor. 1sg. aka, akara, aga, agama
5. fut. 1sg. kassa, karissa, bhavissa, hessa

-cca

=-tya

-ta

pp. stem. kata, gata

-ta

1. m. n. pl. dat. gen. arahata, guavata, gacchata
2. imper. 3sg. med. kuruta, labhata

-tabba

grd. stem. kattabba, kātabba, gantabba, gamitabba

-tave

infin. kātave, gantave

-tā ()

m. n. sg. instr. abl. bhagava, araha, gaccha

-tāya

grd. stem. lajjitāya, daṭṭhāya

-ti

1. (-i) m. n. sg. loc. bhagavati, arahati, guavati
2. pres. 3sg. karoti, gacchati
3. fut. 3sg. karissati, gamissati, gacchissati

-tu

1. imper. 3sg. karotu, gacchatu
2. infin. kattu, gantu

-tu

infin. kātu, kattu, bhavitu, hotu

-tuye

infin. kātuye, hetuye, marituye

-tūna

ger. kātūna, kattūna, gantūna

-te

1. pres. 3sg. med. kurute, kubbate, labhate
2. fut. 3sg. med. karissate, labhissate

-to

1. (-ato) m. n. f. sg. abl. buddhato, phalato, kaññato
2. -at m. n. sg. dat. gen. bhagavato, arahato, gacchato

-ttha

aor. 1sg. alabhittha, asayittha

-tya (-cca)

ger. kacca, paicca, vivicca

-tvā,-tvāna

ger. katvā, katvāna, gantvā, gamitvā, gantvāna

-tha

1. pres. 2pl. karotha, gacchatha
2. fut. 2pl. karissatha, gamissatha
3. imper. 2pl. karotha, gacchatha
4. aor. 2pl. adatha, addasatha
5. aor. 3sg. med. apucchatha, abhāsatha, avocatha

-na

pp. stem. dinna, khīa, hīna

-nā

m. n. sg. instr. abl. aggi, bhikkhu, brahma, brahmu, kamma, kammu, satthu

-ni

1. → -āni
2. (-i), m. n. sg. loc. rājini, kammani, hatthini, āyuni, cakkhuni

-nīya

→ -anīya

-no

1. m. n. sg. dat. gen. aggino, bhikkhuno, attano, brahmano, brahmuno, kammuno, satthuno
2. m. pl. nom. voc. acc. sakhāno, sakhino, attāno, rājāno, hatthino

-nta

ppr. stem. karonta, gacchanta

-nta

imper. 3pl. med. kubbanta, labhanta

-ntā

m. pl. nom. voc. arahantā, guavantā, gacchantā

-ntāni

n. pl. nom. voc. acc. guavantāni

-nti

1. pres. 3pl. karonti, gacchanti
2. fut. 3pl. karissanti, gamissanti

-ntu

imper. 3pl. karontu, gacchantu

-nte

1. m. pl. acc. arahante, guavante
2. pres. 3pl. med. kubbante, labhante
3. fut. 3pl. med. karissante, labhissante

-nto

m. pl. nom. voc. acc. arahanto, guavanto

-pe-(-paya-)

caus. stem. kārāpe-, kārāpaya-, gamāpe (-paya-),

-bhi

m. n. f. pl. instr. abl. buddhebhi, gāthābhi

-ma

1. pres. 1pl. karoma, gacchāma
2. fut. 1pl. karissāma, gamissāma
3. imper. 1pl. karoma, gacchāma

-ma

→ - 1

-mat,-mant

suf. pāpimant, satimant

-mata,
-matā,
-mati,
-mato

→ ta 1,
-tā,
-ti 1,
-to 2

-manta,
-mantā,
-mante,
-manto

→ - 1,
-ā 2,
-e 1, 2,
-o 1

-mase
(-amase)

1. pres. 1pl. med. labhāmase, asmase
2. imper. 1pl. med. labhāmase, kubbāmase

-mā

→ -ā 5

-māna

ppr. stem. kurumāna, gacchamāna, labbhamāna

-mi

1. pres. 1sg. karomi, gacchāmi
2. fut. 1sg. karissāmi, gamissāmi
3. imper. 1sg. karomi, gacchāmi

-mhā
(-amhā)

m. n. sg. abl. buddhamhā, phalamhā, tamhā

-mhi (-amhi)

m. n. sg. loc. buddhamhi, phalamhi, tamhi

-mhe

1. pres. 1pl. med. kurumhe, kubbămhe, labhămhe
2. fut. 1pl. med. karissāmhe, labhissāmhe

-ya

1. ger. kariya, kiriya, jāniya, nisīdiya
2. grd. stem. kāriya, kayira, vākya, vajja

-ya-

1. pass. stem. ñāya-, nīya-, ayha- (ahya-)
2. denom. stem. namassa- (=namasya-), tapassa-

-ya

1. f. sg. loc. gāthāya, jātiya, dhenuya, mātuyaṃ
2. opt. 1sg. siyaṃ, assaṃ (asyaṃ), dajjaṃ (dadyaṃ)

-yā

1. f. sg. instr. abl. dat. gen. loc. jāti, dhenu, nadi, mātu
2. opt. 3sg. si, jāni, jaññā

-ye

opt. 3sg. kubbaye, ānaye

-ra

-ar m. f. sg. acc. satthăra, pitara, mātara

-rā

-ar m. f. sg. instr. abl. satthă, pita, māta

-ru

aor. 3pl. med. amaññaru

-re

1. pres. 3pl. med. labhare
2. fut. 3pl. med. karissare
3. aor. 3pl. med. abajjhare

-va, va

→ -a, -a

-vat,-vant

1. suf. bhagavat, guavat
2. katavat, sutavat

-vata,
-vatā,
-vati,
-vato

→ -ta 1,
-tā,
-ti 1,
-to 2

-vhe

1. pres. 2pl. med. kubbăvhe, labhavhe
2. fut. 2pl. med. karissavhe, labhissavhe

-vho

imper. 2pl. med. kuruvho, labhavho

-sa

n. pl. dat. gen. āyusa

-sā

-as, -us n. sg. instr. abl. mana, vaca, āyu

-sāna

pron. pl. dat. gen. tesāna, tāsāna, sabbesāna, sabbāsāna

-si

1. pres. 2 sg. karosi, kubbasi, labhasi
2. fut. 2sg. karissasi, kāhasi, labhissasi, lacchasi
3. aor. 1sg. 2sg. 3sg. asi, cintesi

-si

aor. 1sg. asi, cintesi

-sittha

aor. 2pl. asittha, ahosittha

-simha

aor. 1pl. aggahesimha, asimha

-su
(-esu,-āsu,
-īsu,-ūsu)

m. n. f. pl. loc. buddhesu, phalesu, gāthāsu, nadīsu, bhikkhŭsu, tesu, tāsu

-su

aor. 3pl. asu, ahesu, pucchisu

-se

1. pres. 2sg. med. kuruse, kubbase, labhase
2. fut. 2sg. med. karissase, labhissase

-so

-as, -us n. sg. dat. gen. manaso, vacaso, āyuso

-smā (-asmā)

m. n. sg. abl. buddhasmā, phalasmā, tasmā

-smi
(-asmi)

m. n. sg. loc. buddhasmi, phalasmi, tasmi

-ssa

1. (-assa) m. n. sg. dat. gen. buddhassa, phalassa, tassa
2. cond. 2sg. 3sg. akarissa, abhavissa

-ssa-

fut. stem. karissa-, gamissa-

-ssa

1. pron. f. sg. loc. tassa, tissa, kassa, sabbassa
2. fut. 1sg. karissa, kassa, bhavissa, hessa
3. cond. 3pl. abhavissa

-ssasu

cond. 3pl. abhavissasu

-ssatha

1. fut. 2pl. karissatha, bhavissatha, hessatha
2. cond. 3sg. med. alabhissatha, nibbattissattha

-ssati,
-ssanti,
-ssasi

→ -ti,
-nti,
-si

-ssā

pron. f. sg. dat. gen. tassā, sabbassā

-ssāma

1. fut. 1pl. karissāma, bhavissāma, hessāma
2. cond. 1pl. āgamissāma, alabhissāma

-ssāmi

→ -mi

-ssu

imper. 2sg. med. kurussu, karassu, labhassu

-ha-,-hi-
(-ssa-)

fut. stem. kāha-, hāha-, hehi-, hohi-, hāhi- (<har, h)

-hi

1. (-ehi,-āhi,-īhi,-ūhi) m. n. f. pl. instr. abl. buddhehi, phalehi, gāthāhi, nadīhi, bhikkhŭhi, tehi, tāhi
2. imper. 2sg. karohi, labhăhi